Measures of time appear again in Genesis 5 in the form of aÂ genealogyÂ that shows how Noah is a direct descendant of Adam. The Anglican Archbishop Armagh, James Ussher, used this timeline along with other references found in the Bible to determine that creation happened in 4004 BCE. This chronology is still used today by many Bible literalists and young earthÂ creationists. Let’s take a look at this genealogy with Ussher’s dating under consideration:
|4004 BCE||1||Adam created|
|130||Seth born to Adam|
|235||Enosh born to Seth|
|325||Kenan born to Enosh|
|395||Mahalalel born to Kenan|
|460||Jared born to Mahalalel|
|622||Enoch born to Jared|
|687||Methuselah born to Enoch|
|874||Lamech born to Methuselah|
|3074 BCE||930||Adam dies|
|1056||Noah is born|
|c.2560 BCE||1444||Great Pyramid of Giza completed|
|1556||Shem, Ham, and Japheth are born to Noah no earlier than this|
|1998 BCE||2006||Noah dies|
It’s possible that these names aren’t intended to represent individual lifespans, but rather point out prominent figures in the familyÂ ancestry. Frankly, it’s unimportant, although the thought of a family reunion that includes nine living generations boggles the mind (and you though your grandparents have an outdated way of thinking; feel sorry for Lamech).
What should stand out is that the Great Pyramid of Giza would have been completed 1444 years after creation. That’s 212 years before the flood. The pyramid shows no evidence ofÂ water damage caused by a catastrophic global flood. In fact, the ancientÂ EgyptiansÂ seemed to have missed the flood entirely: no record of it occurs in their well-preserved history. This evidence is contrary to the common (and unsophisticated) argument that the ancient cultures all have recorded a catastrophic flood event.
There have been other Bible-based dating attempts besides Ussher’s, though the consensus is that the Earth was created somewhere between 5500 BCE and 4000 BCE. If those extra 1500 years (placing the flood at 3844 BCE) are taken into consideration, the Great Pyramid argument is perhaps weakened; however, ancient Egyptian history would still suggest there was no great flood event. Furthermore, we know that during this time there was an intense aridification that forced these early Egyptians into the Nile River Valley. To continue the irony: this increase in population density spurred the first highly structured societies in human history.